The GCCPC is mandated by three main acts:

The Competition Act 2007: to promote competition in the supply of goods and services by prohibiting collusive agreements, bid rigging, monopoly and merger situations, in addition to investigating and controlling all forms of restrictive agreements, and promoting the understanding of the general public on the benefits of competition and related matters.

The Consumer Protection Act 2014: to protect consumers from unfair and misleading market conducts, and the establishment of Consumer Tribunals to treat consumer complaints and related matters.

The Essential Commodities Act 2015: to jointly regulate in the interest of the general public, the importation, distribution and retailing of essential commodities in The Gambia, and ensuring their availability at fair and reasonable prices.