The Competition Act 2007


In 2007, the Competition Act was passed by the National Assembly and assented to by the President to promote competition in the supply of goods and services by establishing a Commission, by prohibiting collusive agreements and bid rigging, by providing for investigation and control of other types of restrictive agreements and of monopoly and merger situations, by promoting understanding of the benefits of competition and to provide for other matters connected therewith.




The primary purpose of the Act is to prevent or regulate the continuation of clearly anti-competitive agreements and behaviors that are unlikely to be beneficial to anyone other than the parties to that, usually secretive, agreement.


The Competition Act, 2007 aims to safeguard the process of competition between enterprises operating in The Gambia in markets open to competition. It is essentially intended to ensure that businesses do not frustrate competition by putting up private barriers to the operation of markets, thus denying customers the benefits, in terms of price, quality and variety that freely-functioning markets should provide.


The Act provides for the establishment of a Competition Commission, an independent body corporate with perpetual succession and common seal, with a mandate to administer and enforce the Act.




The Consumer Protection Bill 2014 was passed into law by the National Assembly in April 2014 and assented to by the President to protect consumers from unfair and misleading market conducts. The Act is cited as The Gambia Consumer Protection Act, 2014.




This Act is to ensure that consumer protection rights are guaranteed as well as encouraging fair trade which is geared towards discouraging businesses from engaging in fraud.  This Act is also not only to ensure that these rights are enforced to the latter by the Commission but it also gives room for consumers to lodge in their complaints through the Commission or the Consumer Protection Tribunal as well as provide remedy in the event of breach of these rights.




This Act was passed into law in 2015 to regulate in the interest of the general public, the importation, distribution and retailing of essential commodities in The Gambia, to ensure their availability at fair and reasonable prices, and for connected matters.




This Act ensures that all importers, distributors and retailers in essential commodities acquire essential commodities license in order to trade in it. The primary purpose of the act is to ensure that essential commodities are available at fair and reasonable prices, affordable to all Gambians.